Saturday Evening Post cover October 24, 1959.
The basic structure for the painting is taken from a twelfth-century Dutch family tree, a photo of which was found for Rockwell by the reference librarian at the nearby Berkshire Athenaeum. The consistency of family features through the generations is assured by Rockwell's use of the same model for either the man or the woman in each couple on the tree.
The lineage begins with a Spanish princess taken by a pirate from a sinking Spanish galleon. The galleon and pirate are based on paintings by Rockwell's favorite illustrator of historical subjects, Howard Pyle, whose initials are on the treasure chest.